Guias práticos

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NAS 101

  • Como montar um ficheiro ISO no NAS da Thecus

    Extraia os ficheiros ISO directamente para o NAS sem necessitar de utilizar software de terceiros.

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  • Como tirar proveito da instalação automática de módulos

    Procure os módulos mais recentes online, instale e actualize-os directamente através da interface do servidor Thecus e active-os no mesmo local.

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  • How to Manipulate IP Addresses

    Setting and working with IP addresses can be very complicated even for advanced users. Read through some basic guidelines of how IP addresses work and how this can help you navigate your networking and your NAS.

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  • How to Set Up a Shared Folder

    Create and customize folders on your NAS that can be accessed locally or remotely. Control user access as well as adjust various other settings.

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  • How to Take Advantage of Auto Module Installation

    Browse the latest modules online, install and upgrade them through the UI directly from the Thecus server, and activate them all in the same place.

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  • How to Use the Thecus Setup Wizard

    Discover NAS on your local network and perform some basic setup steps including RAID creation and assigning IP addresses.

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  • Installing and Setup MySQL-kit

    Installation and setup guide for MySQL (open-source relational database management system) and phpMyAdmin (a free and open source tool written in PHP intended to handle the administration of MySQL with the use of a web browser).

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  • Installing and Setup Web Server

    • Installing Webserver module
    • Start setting up the Web Server configuration

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  • The basics of Thecus Firmware V5

    Learn more about the brand new Firmware V5 for Thecus NAS. This video focus on UI improvements, user-friendliness features, and the new AMI (Auto Module Installation) which allows you to customize your NAS in a few clics. Live video starts at 2:18

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Ligação ao seu NAS

  • Como aceder sem fios a um NAS a partir do seu iPhone

    Como o utilitário e módulo Thecus iPhone Dashboard poderá ver e administrar o estado do seu NAS, a partir de qualquer local do mundo, podendo também activar e desactivar diversos protocolos e funções de servidor. Este guia irá mostrar-lhe como aceder ao seu NAS directamente a partir do seu iPhone e irá apresentar as funções disponíveis com esta nova funcionalidade.

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  • Como configurar uma pasta partilhada

    Crie e personalize pastas no seu NAS que podem ser acedidas localmente ou remotamente. Controle o acesso dos utilizadores e ajuste diversas definições.

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  • Como criar um destino iSCSI no NAS da Thecus

    Utilize o NAS como um disco interno do seu computador e transfira ficheiros de forma mais rápida do que com os protocolos Samba, AFP, ou NFS. Leia o guia "Como ligar a um destino iSCSI utilizando o Windows" para saber como ligar à sua partição iSCSI.

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  • Como ligar a um destino iSCSI utilizando o Windows

    Utilize o NAS como um disco interno do seu computador e transfira ficheiros de forma mais rápida do que com os protocolos Samba, AFP, ou NFS. Leia o guia "Como criar um destino iSCSI no NAS da Thecus" para saber como criar uma partição iSCSI.

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  • How to Access a Shared Folder Locally with AFP (OS X)

    Connect to your NAS from within OS X for straightforward file copying within a familiar environment. AFP allows you to access your NAS as easily as an external hard drive.

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  • How to Access a Shared Folder Locally with NFS (OS X)

    Connect to your NAS with this Linux protocol from OS X. NFS allows you to access your NAS as easily as an external hard drive.

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  • How to Access a Shared Folder Locally with Samba (Windows/OS X)

    Connect to your NAS with this widely used protocol. SMB allows you to access your NAS as easily as an external hard drive.

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  • How to Access the Thecus User Interface, Web Disk, and Photo Server

    A few basic steps on how to connect to your NAS through your web browser.

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  • How to Connect to an iSCSI Target Using Windows

    Treat your NAS as an internal disk in your computer and transfer files faster than Samba, AFP, or NFS with this protocol. Read the "How to Create an iSCSI Target on Thecus NAS" guide to learn how to create an iSCSI partition.

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  • How to Create an iSCSI Target on Thecus NAS

    Treat your NAS as an internal disk in your computer and transfer files faster than Samba, AFP, or NFS with this protocol. Read the " How to Connect to an iSCSI Target Using Windows " guide to learn how to connect to your new iSCSI partition.

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  • How to Guide- ES File Explorer

    In addition to managing local / shared / FTP / and Bluetooth file folders, you can also directly manage a variety of cloud storage service folders such as Dropbox, Amazon, Google Drive and others. There is also support for a variety of file formats that can be directly opened with the browser such as ZIP, PDF, Image and multimedia files among others.

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  • How to Guide- FTPManager

    FTPManager is the app that helps you to directly access your files on remote FTP server from your iOS devices. You could directly read all kinds of files, play movie/music and edit files in your iOS devices. It supports FTP file management with full functions. And for experts, all FTP logs are available for checking issues.

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  • How To Guides: Piczza Photo Server

    The new Piczza photo server provides a completely new interface and many new functions. The new module makes editing, organizing, and sharing photos easier than ever.

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  • How To Guides: Web Disk

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  • How to publish your NAS on the internet

    This guide will show you how to publish your NAS on the Internet, this allows you to access and configure your NAS files via the internet remotely.

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  • How to use Aria2:Downloading via your NAS

    Aria2 is a lightweight multi-protocol & multi-source command-line download utility. It supports HTTP/HTTPS, FTP, BitTorrent and Metalink. aria2 can be manipulated via built-in JSON-RPC and XMLRPC interfaces.

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  • How to use the Thecus Dashboard: Monitoring Your NAS Wirelessly from iPhones and iPads

    View a number of important status updates from your NAS and manage users privileges and Internet protocols from anywhere in the world. 

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  • How-to Guide: Transmission (BitTorrent Client)

    Transmission is a cross-platform BitTorrent client.

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  • How-to Guide:PLEX (Media Server)

    Plex is a media player system consisting of a player application with a 10-foot user interface and an associated media server.

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  • Installing and Using XBMC

    Appealing to a broad range of users, XBMC is an open source media center which was originally created for Xbox. Its graphical user interface (GUI) allows the user to easily browse and view videos, photos, podcasts, and music using only a few buttons.
    Currently, XBMC can be used to play almost all popular audio and video formats around directly from your hard drive. XBMC features playlist and slideshow functions, a weather forecast, and many audio visualizations.

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Cópia de segurança e segurança de dados

  • Como adicionar encriptação a um volume RAID no NAS da Thecus

    Crie um "Chave" USB física que deverá ser inserida na porta USB do NAS para aceder ao volume RAID encriptado.

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  • Como efectuar a cópia de segurança do NAS da Thecus com o Time Machine do Mac OS X

    Aceda ao seu NAS da Thecus utilizando o Time Machine para efectuar a cópia de segurança dos seus dados com o Mac OS X.

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  • Como transferir grupos de utilizadores de servidores ADS/NT para o NAS da Thecus

    Mude facilmente para o NAS da Thecus a partir de servidores Windows NT importando os seus utilizadores e grupos para o seu NAS realizando apenas alguns passos.

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  • Como utilizar a Replicação de Volume RAID

    Crie outra cópia da sua partição RAID noutro(s) disco(s) dentro de um único NAS. Esses discos podem ser removidos e utilizados como cópia de segurança ou colocados noutro NAS para efectuar a duplicação. Como cópia de segurança, esses discos são úteis caso ocorram danos irreparáveis no disco, quando a simples substituição dos discos danificados pela cópia da partição RAID resolve o problema sem que seja necessário efectuar a recompilação RAID.

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  • Como utilizar o módulo de cópia de segurança remota Rsync

    Utilize o popular protocolo Rsync para efectuar localmente ou remotamente a cópia de segurança dos dados do seu computador para o NAS ou do NAS para outro NAS através de Ethernet. Crie e edite processos de cópia de segurança agendados e específicos para cópias de segurança automáticas regulares ou efectue manualmente a cópia de segurança quando desejar.

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  • Como utilizar o módulo de cópia de segurança USB/eSATA

    Efectue a cópia de segurança de todos os seus dados ou apenas das pastas que deseja do seu NAS para um disco externo através das ligações USB ou eSATA. Crie e edite processos de cópia de segurança agendados e específicos para cópias de segurança automáticas regulares ou efectue manualmente a cópia de segurança quando desejar.

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  • How to Add Encryption to a RAID Volume on Thecus NAS

    Create a physical USB "Key" that must be inserted into the NAS's USB port to access the encrypted RAID volume.

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  • How to Guide- Remote Backup

    Data Guard is the powerful backup solution that Thecus provides. Remote backup solutions on the market usually are expensive and requires a complicated setup. Thecus introduces a remote backup solution that allows you to set up different backup solutions in 1 minute; and of course, it's free and built in to ThecusOS. In particular, a “Full backup”, “Custom backup” or “iSCSI backup”, can be set to real-time or scheduled backup according to demand.

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  • How to Install and Run the Dropbox Module

     Dropbox is a free cloud service that lets you bring all your photos, docs, and videos anywhere. After you install Dropbox on your computer, any file you save to your Dropbox folder will automatically save to all your computers, your mobile device, and even the Dropbox website.

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  • How to Install and Run the ElephantDrive Module

    A cloud backup system that sends your data to an off-site data center that is physically separate from your office.

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  • Installing and Using Dropbox(Thecus® OS6)

    Before installing and using the Dropbox module, there needs to be at least one user
    account on Thecus®OS6. If you have already created a user account, please skip
    section 1.
    You will also need to have already set up a Dropbox account.

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  • System Failover User Guide

    The System Failover function requires two sets of Thecus NAS systems (one acts as active and the other one as standby) to have near line system configuration and data backup. When the active system goes down for any reason, the standby will take over, all of system's configurations and data will be kept in last sync state.

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Expansão

  • Como criar um destino iSCSI Thin-Provision no NAS da Thecus

    A funcionalidade iSCSI Thin-Provisioning permite-lhe configurar até 5 partições flexíveis num único NAS. As partições aumentam à medida que o utilizador armazena mais dados, eliminando dados não necessários e distribuindo o espaço de armazenamento de acordo de acordo com as necessidades. Quando o disco atingir 90% de espaço disponível, será apresentada uma notificação para aconselhar a aumentar o espaço de armazenamento de dados do seu NAS.

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  • Como empilhar dispositivos NAS da Thecus

    Aceda ao seu NAS através de um único endereço IP. Ao aceder a esse IP poderá montar pastas no seu computador a partir de até 6 NAS empilhados.

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Glossário


ACCESS

Read, write, or update information on a storage medium.

AVAILABILITY

The amount of time that a system is available during those time periods when it is expected to be available. Availability is often measured as a percentage of an elapsed year. For example, 99.95% availability equates to 4.38 hours of downtime in a year (0.0005 * 365 * 24=4.38) for a system that is expected to be available all the time.

AVERAGE LATENCY

  • Average Response Time (ms) - Average Time between initiation and completion of an I/O operation in milliseconds.
  • Average Read Response Time (ms) - Average Time between initiation and completion of a Read operation.
  • Average Write Response Time (ms) - Average Time between initiation and completion of a Write operation.
  • Average Transaction Time (ms) - Average Time between initiation of a request and completion of the corresponding reply.

AVERAGE SEEK TIME

The average time it takes for the read/write head to move to a specific location. To compute the average seek time, divide the time it takes to complete a large number of random seeks by the number of seeks performed.

BACKUP

(noun) A collection of data stored on (usually removable) non-volatile storage media for purposes of recovery in case the original copy of data is lost or becomes inaccessible. Also called backup copy. To be useful for recovery, a backup must be made by copying the source data image when it is in a consistent state. (verb) The act of creating a backup.

BACKUP WINDOW

The period of time available for performing a backup. Backup windows are typically defined by operational necessity. For example, if data is used from 8AM until midnight, then the window between midnight and 8AM is available for making backup copies. For consistent backups, data may not be altered while the backup is occurring, so in some cases a backup window is an interval of time during which data and applications are unavailable.

BANDWIDTH

Bandwidth is the total amount of data that can be transferred at one time between CPU and storage. Generally, bandwidth refers to large block data transfers and is usually measured in MB/sec. (For instance, the total bandwidth available on any given Ultra SCSI bus is 40 MB/sec.) Actual transfer rates are somewhat less than this.

BLOCK

A sector or group of sectors. By default, a sector of data consists of 512 bytes.

BYTE

Shortened form of binary table, a byte is a group of eight bits handled as a logical unit.

CACHE

Same technology as cache memory used in servers. Storage cache usually resides on RAID controllers and boosts performance because the CPU doesn't have to wait for a disk head to spin. Data can be written to and read directly from cache.

CONTROL SOFTWARE

A body of software that provides common control and management for one or more disk arrays or tape arrays. Control software presents the arrays of disks or tapes it controls to its operating environment as one or more virtual disks or tapes.

CPU

Central Processing Unit.

CPU Effectiveness

Total I/Os per second divided by % CPU Utilization, giving a measure in I/Os per second per CPU. Indicates how efficient the I/O subsystem is in CPU utilization.

CPU Utilization (total)

Percentage of processor time spent executing threads other than the Idle thread (in other words, time spent doing useful work). Also know as % Processor Time.

Dedicated Hot Spare

The hot spare drive which is configured to replace failed hard drive only for designated RAID within the storage device.

DISASTER RECOVERY

Preventative measures including fault tolerant systems, redundant hardware, and specialized software to ensure that businesses can operate during certain failures, and quickly recover data, hardware and communications assets.

DISK

Any storage unit presented as a single contiguous block of storage. From a hardware perspective, a disk can be a physical local drive, external SCSI attached storage, or a LUN created by a RAID controller.

DISK DRIVES

A storage device attached to a computer or storage device that reads from, writes to, and stores information on a disk or hard drive.

DISTRIBUTED STORAGE

Distributed storage is set up so that each server has its own external storage subsystem.

DPC Time

Percentage of processor time spent in Deferred Procedure Calls.

Dynamic Disks

Contain volume manage management databases comprising information on all other dynamic disks and volumes on a system.

FAILOVER

The automatic substitution of a functionally equivalent system component for a failed one. The term failover is most often applied to intelligent controllers connected to the same storage devices and host computers. If one of the controllers fails, failover occurs, and the survivor takes over its I/O load.

FILE MANAGEMENT

The ability to manage the file level data that resides on your storage. This encompasses direct file monitoring and the monitor and control of the space being utilized. An aspect of Storage Resource Management.

GIGABYTE (GB)

A unit of measure consisting of one billion bytes (one thousand megabytes).

Global Hot Spare

The hot spare drive which is configured to replace failed hard drive for any given RAID within the storage device.

HOT SWAPPING

The removal or addition of components while the system is running. For example, hard drives, power supplies, PCI cards and buses are often candidates for this term.

Hybrid Hard Drive

Hybrid drive is the next generation hard drive that combines traditional rotating magnetic hard drive with large flash memory.

I/O

Refers to data that is being sent from the CPU to any type of storage device or peripheral.

I/O Size

The transfer request size that specifies the number of bytes read or written in each I/O request. You can select any value from 1 byte to almost 1 Gigabyte (limited only by the amount of virtual memory available).

I/O Type

Specifies the percentage of read and write operations performed in each operation. You can have 100% Read, 0% Write, or vice versa or a combination of both.

Interrupt Time

Percentage of processor time spent handling hardware interrupts.

Interrupts per Second

Average number of interrupts per second, averaged over the length of the test so far. If there are multiple processors, this is the total number of interrupts for all processors.

IOPS

Input/Output operations per second.Total IOPS - Average number of Input/Output operations per second.Read IOPS - Average number of read operations per second.Write IOPS - Average number of write operations per second.

iSCSI

Encapsulation of SCSI commands and data over TCP/IP.

iSCSI - Target

A storage device which the iSCSI volumes are created on.With iSCSI initiator utility and protocol, host server/PC is able to link to the iSCSI target and use the iSCSI volume as local hard disk.

JBOD

JBOD (for "just a bunch of disks," or sometimes "just a bunch of drives") the official term is "spanning" - used to refer to a computer's hard disks that haven't been configured according to the RAID (for "redundant array of independent disks") system to increase fault tolerance and improve data access performance. The RAID system stores the same data redundantly on multiple disks that nevertheless appear to the operating system as a single disk. Although, JBOD also makes the disks appear to be a single one, it accomplishes that by combining the drives into one larger logical one. JBOD doesn't deliver any advantages over using separate disks independently and doesn't provide any of the fault tolerance or performance benefits of RAID.

Privileged Time

Percentage of processor time spent in Privileged Mode (including the MicrosoftR Windows NTR service layer, the Executive routines, the Windows NT Kernel, and device drivers for most devices other than graphics adapters and printers).

RouStor

Storage equipment combined with networking device to provide faster performance, easy installation, space saving, interoperability, and lower cost.

Snapshots

A copy of a set of files and directories as they were at a particular point in the past, a read-only copy of the data set frozen at a point in time.

Stack Master

A storage/server device that supports capacity expansion function (stackable) by iSCSI protocol or other means.

Stack Target

A storage device that is connected to the stack master to expand capacity on the master device via iSCSI protocol or other means.

User Time

Percentage of processor time spent in User Mode (including application and subsystem code, the graphics engine, graphics device drivers, printer device drivers, and the window manager).

Wake-on-LAN

Wake-on-LAN is the ability to switch on the system through special network packet. The administrator can remotely boot up the system.